A trooper was originally a soldier, a man troupe, usually a second-class soldier 1 .
“Ah! brigands, you will not throw in the water like an oyster a former soldier of Napoleon. “
– Honoré de Balzac , The Thirty Years Old Woman (1832)
From the end of the xix th century , driven comedies of Georges Courteline , the trooper comic becomes a kind fashionable for male artists of cafe-concert , dressed in military uniforms on stage, who perform monologues or comic songs related to soldier life 1 .
The first known artist of the genre is Éloi Ouvrard , who is noted around 1876 – 1877 2 . The comic trooper has several representatives like Polin , Dranem , Bach , Croidel , Vilbert , Paul Lack , Blon D’hin , Gabriel Vallez , Dufleuve and Gaston Ouvrard , the son of Eloi.
Like other artists of the time, Fernandel , Maurice Chevalier , Raimu , Rellys and Louis-Jacques Boucot began their career as comic troopers. The typical costume is that of the soldier of the first class : kepi, collar paws and trousers red madder , gray wool cap of bluish iron martingale , leggings and leather boots 3 .
The genre reached its peak before the First World War and off gradually, with occasional outbreaks: the song-sketch The tourlourous of Jean Broussolle , appears in the program ‘s song Companions in the late 1950s.
Notes and references
- ↑ a and b TLFi [ archive ]
- ↑ Brunschwig, Calvet, Klein, p. 293.
- ↑ The French infantry – The trooper [ archive ]